All three X-craft were released close to the target on September 20th, and began the attack independently. On 11 September , the operation was repeated by X24 , with a new crew; this time the dock was sunk. One of the most successful midget submarine programs was the X-class developed by the Royal Navy. The convoy lost many merchantmen to U Boats and aircraft. The crew was initially composed of three members, the sub commander, a pilot and an engineer with a diver being subsequenly added, along with the addition of an airlock, known as the wet and dry compartment. She was ultimately detected by German look outs and was fired upon by small arms. The experience of dealing with the Bismarck had demonstrated that a combination of capital ships and aircraft would be needed to deal with her if she put to sea.
22nd September X craft – midget submarine – attack on the Tirpitz
X craft – midget submarine – attack on the Tirpitz
The craft were also equipped with a radio beacon and echo sounder to help direct Canadian and British ships to the suitable positions on Sword and Juno beaches. What can one possibly say. Unknown to the crew of the X-7 was that the crew of X-6 was on Tirpitz so the attack mission proceeded as planned. They decided that they would use plastic explosive to open up the rear door of the mine.
Soil samples were collected in condoms. Depending on the mission, a three- or four-man crew was selected consisting of one commanding officer, a first lieutenant, and engineer and a diver. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The Admiralty chose two 3, lb conjoined mines of a high explosive nature to be attached to the sides of the boat via a bolt.
Each night, X20 would approach the beach and 2 divers would swim ashore. Sea Battles in Close-up: The engineer, usually a Navy Chief Petty Officer, operated most of the machinery in the vessel and did all the mechanical and electrical maintenance. At night, two divers would swim to the shore making the sounding measurements and recorded them on an underwater pad and pencil. The Americans declined X-craft assistance and decided to rely on their navigation instruments. The KMS Lutzow was free to fight another day. Though designed with a crew of four in mind, an additional fifth crewmember would be added for this hazardous select mission.